A water chiller unit is used to control the cooling of buildings or industrial processes. Chillers use refrigerant to cool water which is then pumped through the building or process to remove heat, then returned to the chiller for another round of cooling. A chiller plant is composed of several components such as a water chiller, cooling tower and pumps.

A Water Chiller Plant Cools a Space By Pumping Chilled Refrigerant Through a Water Cooling System

Industrial chillers are essential for efficient operation of equipment and to ensure safe working conditions in industrial settings. They are able to reduce energy consumption and operating costs, and help achieve sustainability goals and environmental regulations. In addition to reducing operational costs, they can also improve performance and extend the lifespan of equipment.

In air-cooled systems, ambient air is used to cool the refrigerant gas as it moves through the compressor. The refrigerant gas is then cooled in the condenser and turned into a high-pressure liquid. Once the liquid is cold enough, it is circulated to the evaporator where fans blow air over the coils and absorb heat from the surrounding environment (as per the second law of thermodynamics). The heat-laden refrigerant gas is then expelled into the atmosphere, and the low-pressure, low-temperature liquid returns to the compressor to start the cycle again.

A water chiller is a complex machine that requires regular maintenance to avoid issues like clogging, corrosion and loss of efficiency. If steps are not taken to maintain a proper water supply, a chiller can be at risk for contamination. For example, sand and particulates can enter the chiller water loop from open cooling towers, leading to poor water flow and clogged pipes that affect the cooling efficiency of the machine. water chiller unit